If you have ever tried using invisible thread (also known as “monofilament thread”), you probably have developed a strong opinion about it. You may really like it, or you may hate every minute of using it.
To see if some brands are easier to use than others, I tested six brands of invisible thread. Much to my surprise, I didn’t find an overall winner or loser. Instead, I found there’s a right way and a wrong way to use each one.
The six brands I tested were Coats, Gutermann, Sew-Art, Sulky, YLI Wonder, and a spool of invisible thread I bought at Joann’s. It had no brand name – nothing but a white sticker on the bottom. I will refer to this spool as No-Name.
Table: Six Invisible Threads Compared
|Spool/Cone||Large Spool||Small Spool||Cone||Cone||Small Spool||Cone|
|Color||Slight greenish overcast||Slight gray/green overcast||Slight yellow overcast||Slight silver overcast||White overcast||Gray overcast|
|Feel||Slightly stiff||Wiry||Soft||Very soft||Soft||Soft|
|Unwinds||Very long waves, almost straight||Long, lazy curls||Long, lazy curls||Very long waves, almost straight||Tight curls||Long, lazy curls|
|Manual threading||Easy||Fairly easy||Easy||Easy||Easiest||Hardest|
|Tension adjustment (applique)||-1||+1||-1||none||none||none|
|Cap/Mesh||Large cap||Small cap & mesh||Large cap||Large cap||Small cap||Large cap|
|Invisibility (walking foot)||Best||Better||Good||Best||Better||Good|
|Invisibility (free-motion foot)||Best||Better||Best||Good||Better||Good|
I tested each thread in exactly the same way. I used the same sewing machine for all the tests – the sewing machine on which I set the Guinness Book of World Records for the most times threading a sewing machine.
My machine is in perfect working order, having just returned from a tune-up. It purrs like a kitten. (Or maybe that’s Sebastian, my Persian cat.)
In every test I used the same bobbin, with the same light-weight cotton thread. I used the same fabric and batting for each test piece. And I used the same iron on the same setting for all the ironing tests.
The characteristics of the six brands and the results of my tests are summarized in this table, which will open in a separate browser window when you click on the link. Here’s what each characteristic and each test means:
Spool/Cone. Some of the threads come on large spools, some on small spools, and some on mini-cones.
Clear/Smoke. Some of the threads are intentionally a neutral gray smoke color rather than clear. But as you’ll see below, even the “clear” threads have a slight color to them.
Color. Invisible thread isn’t completely transparent. Against a pure white background you can see just a hint of color in any of these threads, though you have to look carefully.
Size. Some of these threads are thicker than others.
Feel. These threads range from a very soft feel to a noticeably wiry feel.
Unwinds. Invisible thread is notorious for being unruly coming off the spool or cone. In this characteristic I try to describe how a thread behaves as it comes off the spool or cone.
Machine Threading. How easy is it to thread a machine with each thread?
Manual Threading. How easy is it to thread a needle by hand with each thread?
Spool Pin. I tried each thread on both my horizontal and my vertical spool pins. In the table I tell you which position seems to work better for a given thread.
Tension adjustment. Getting the tension adjustment is crucial, especially for invisible thread. In each case I started with the normal cotton-thread tension adjustment. If I found I had to increase or decrease the tension by a notch, the table shows that.
Cap/Mesh. Getting the thread to feed properly also depends on using the correct spool cap and using spool mesh, if necessary. The table shows the combination that I found worked best for each thread.
Invisibility (walking foot). I rated the invisibility of a straight line of stitches as Good, Better, or Best.
Invisibility (free-motion foot). I rated the invisibility of a curved line of stitches as Good, Better, or Best.
Setting The Tension
If you’re going to use invisible thread, then taming it as it comes off the spool or cone is critical to your continued mental health. First, if you’re doing applique, be sure your top tension is tight enough. If it’s too loose, you’ll definitely have problems with the thread falling off the spool or cone and wrapping around the spool pin. See the table mentioned above for the settings that worked best for me.
If you have to change your sewing machine’s tension, make one small change and test again until you have found the right setting. If your machine has an automatic tension mechanism, override it if you need to.
For machine quilting, I found that all of the brands of invisible thread performed well on my standard cotton-thread tension setting.
Next, you’ll find that some threads feed better on a vertical spool pin and others will feed better on the horizontal. The table has the positions that worked best for me.
When you mount invisible thread horizontally, the size and tightness of the spool cap makes a difference, too. Match the size of the cap to the size of the spool. And if the thread is on a cone, mount the cone with the fat end toward the needle and use your large spool cap.
Also, it is important to push the spool cap right up against the spool or cone, pinning it into a fixed position. The thread unwinds easily, even though the spool can’t rotate.
Finally, after all these precautions, I was still having trouble with the thick Gutermann invisible thread. The solution that finally worked was to mount the spool vertically and slip some spool mesh over the spool. The extra resistance from the spool mesh tamed this wiry thread.
Hearts To Applique
I began my test by making six hearts to applique onto six 6″ squares. I turned the edges under using an iron. After pinning each heart to each square, I used my sewing machine’s blind hem stitch to applique the pieces together.
I set my iron on the highest setting, let it warm up completely, and pressed every applique heart on both sides of the block. None of the invisible thread was affected. All threads stayed soft and intact.
Finally, I machine-quilted each square with invisible thread. I found that some threads’ degree of invisibility changed depending upon whether I was quilting a straight line or curves. It seems to have to do with the way the light catches the stitches. You’ll find my observations in the table.
No Clear Winner
I couldn’t pick a clear winner out of the bunch, but my personal favorite is JoAnn’s “no-name” brand. And my least favorite was Gutermann’s wiry thread.
I have tried to avoid invisible thread in the past because no one seems to know how long it will hold up in quilts. And there are warnings about using it in baby quilts for fear of the child getting hurt if one of the stitches works loose.
But after my testing, I think it’s an ideal thread to use for adding contour to your quilts without adding color. It is a good choice if you are just starting machine quilting and don’t want your stitching to be very noticeable. And invisible thread would work for basting quilts, too.